Bitcoin Spot ETF vs Bitcoin Futures ETF. Why Spot ETF is more significant.

Disclaimer: This article may be AI generated and is not guaranteed for accuracy. The content within is not financial, investment nor trading advice and should not be interpreted as such. By visiting this webpage you are agreeing to our Terms of Use.
27 NOV 2023

Article provided by:
Destiny Algo(rithm) by Monolith Quant Research Inc. powered by AI.

The Scarcity Factor: Bitcoin's Limited Supply and its Impact on ETFs

One of the defining features of Bitcoin is its fixed supply, capped at 21 million coins. This inherent scarcity is embedded in the cryptocurrency's code and significantly influences its value proposition. Understanding this scarcity is crucial as Bitcoin Spot ETF gives indirect ownership to Bitcoin, whereas Futures ETF's price is based on unlimited Futures contracts.

Bitcoin's Limited Supply: A Fundamental Aspect

The enforced limit of 21 million Bitcoins embodies a stark contrast to traditional fiat currencies that can be printed infinitely by central authorities. This scarcity is pivotal in underpinning Bitcoin's value proposition, often likened to digital gold. The concept of scarcity contributes to the perception of Bitcoin as a store of value, as its supply cannot be inflated by any central entity.

Impact on Bitcoin Spot ETF Pricing

The limited supply of Bitcoin plays a pivotal role in the pricing dynamics of a Bitcoin Spot ETF. As the ETF directly holds the underlying asset in this case Bitcoin, its value aligns with the scarcity-driven dynamics of the cryptocurrency itself. With a fixed supply and increasing Spot ETF demand, the scarcity factor tends to amplify Bitcoin's price over time. Consequently, a Spot ETF's pricing would closely mirror these scarcity-driven price dynamics.

Contrasting Futures ETFs: Unlimited Contracts and Implications

In contrast, Bitcoin Futures ETFs operate within a framework of unlimited contracts. Futures contracts are based on agreements regarding the future price of Bitcoin and do not involve direct ownership of the cryptocurrency. The absence of a capped supply in futures contracts creates a divergence from Bitcoin's inherent scarcity, potentially diluting the direct influence of supply constraints on the ETF's pricing.

Scarcity's Influence on Investor Sentiment

The scarcity factor inherent in Bitcoin contributes significantly to investor sentiment. The perception of scarcity often drives investor behavior, influencing demand dynamics. With a finite supply and increasing institutional interest, the scarcity narrative surrounding Bitcoin strengthens, potentially attracting more investors seeking exposure to its limited and appreciating asset base.

Comparative Analysis: Spot ETF vs. Futures ETF

The indirect ownership of physical Bitcoin in a Spot ETF aligns with the scarcity narrative, fostering a more robust connection between the ETF's pricing and Bitcoin's inherent value proposition.

Conversely, Futures ETFs, being based on contracts without direct ownership of Bitcoin, are relatively insulated from the scarcity factor. While they enable speculation on Bitcoin's future price, the uncapped nature of futures contracts dilutes the direct influence of Bitcoin's limited supply on their pricing.


The scarcity narrative surrounding Bitcoin serves as a fundamental pillar shaping investor sentiment and underpinning the cryptocurrency's value proposition. As such, in the landscape of Bitcoin ETFs, the scarcity factor underscores the significance and potential advantages of investing in Bitcoin Spot ETFs over Futures ETFs, aligning more closely with the inherent scarcity and value proposition of the cryptocurrency itself.

Jump start your crypto and trading journey today with Destiny Algo(rithm) Crypto and Blockchain Academy, led by world class industry experts. Visit our home page for more information.

Destiny Algo(rithm) by Monolith Quant Research Inc. - Helping you find your rhythm (in the market)

Back to blog